The Baltic Germans relocate to Germany

to map

16. October 1939

Simultaneously to the entry of base forces, centuries old Estonian minority, the Baltic Germans, began to move to Germany, with Adolf Hitler's invitation.

Relocated people were housed in newly conquered Poland. First ship with emigrants on board left Tallinn on October 18, 1939, last one on May 18, 1940.
All together, more than 60,000 people left Estonia, it was an event which deeply shocked the society and significantly diminished its social and economic potential.
Official propaganda tried to present Umsiedlung as an end to the 700-year long slavery, but in reality it boosted the rumors about the existence of German-Soviet agreement.

Source: Eesti ajalugu. VI, Vabadussõjast taasiseseisvumiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa, 2005
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.                                                                                                 
Image source:,_Karte_zur_Umsiedlung_Baltendeutscher.jpg                            

You have finished watching the story. You can play the story again or close it and choose new stories from story selection menu. You can watch up to three stories simultaneously

You can choose up to three stories, if you wish to change choosen stories, please uncheck previous selections

Choose stories



  • ajalooline
  • auto
  • näitus
  • nool
  • sadam