Attacks against the Ugaunians.

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After the truce ended, knights in Võnnu (Cēsis), lead by provincial master Berthold, begun to fight the Ugaunians more actively.

At leas two raids to Ugaunia were organized. The crusaders brought the conquering armies to the Otepää fort around the time when most of the men were working on the grain fields. Thus, there were few defenders in the fort, and Estonians were ready to make a truce with Berthold. Germans, however, snuck into the fort and captured it. Some of the defenders were killed, some taken prisoner and the place was looted.

Between the two German raids, also the armies of Novgorodian Prince, Mstislav Mstislavich, and his brother Vladimir, Prince of Pihkva besieged the fort of Otepää.

Russian attacks had drained the Ugaunians, and they had to seek peace. They had to pay 400 marks in silver as a tribute, that amounted to about 80 kg of silver. Also, Russians baptized some of the Estonians, and promised to send their priests to Otepää, to continue the conversion process.

Source: Sulev Vahtre. Muinasaja loojang Eestis: vabadusvõitlus 1208-1227. Tallinn: Olion. 1990
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006 Image source:


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