The truce is made

to map

03. July 1919

On July 2, 21:00 peace negotiations began in Stradzumuiža school house (see image).

Estonian representative was the lieutenant-colonel of the 3rd Division, Nikolai Reek. The truce was signed at 3 o'clock in the morning on July 3, 1919. According to the treaty, Germans were to leave Riga by the evening of July 5 and pull out of Latvia all together.

The Landeswehr was obliged to pull back behind Väina River, and all of the Germans were excluded from its ranks. The Landeswehr was to go to fight the Bolsheviks, under the leadership of English colonel Alexander. Estonians had to stay put on the front line of July 3.
In reality, it took several months until the German troops were removed from Latvia and Lithuania, even though it was one of the demands in the Treaty of Versailles, signed on June 28, 1919.
Germans began to pull its troops out while being under the pressure of the Entente, but under the justification of fighting against the Bolsheviks, fresh troops were brought to Latvia. The new rally point of the German troops was Courland and area around Miitav, from where another try to take Riga was made in October 1919.
On July 8 the government of Kārlis Ulmanis, which had come to power peacefully on June 27 in Liibavi, returned to Riga. To enforce ties between Estonia and Latvia, a treaty was signed on July 21 in Riga, according to which Latvian government had to keep the German troops away from the right bank of Väina River, and gave the northern part of Latvia's eastern border to the hands of Estonian armed forces. Thus, the independence of Latvia was secured.

The Landeswehr War, lasting for about a month, was a rather pointless and a regrettable clash between two possible allies. On the other hand, the public opinion equalized the Landeswehr with the power of hated German landlords, which created a widespread anti-German euphoria in the People's Army.

Source: Eesti ajalugu. VI, Vabadussõjast taasiseseisvumiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa, 2005
Eesti Vabadussõda, 1918-1920, 1. Tallinn: Mats, 1996
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.                                                                                                    

Image source http://www.hot.ee/vabadussoda/kool.jpg


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