Estonia and Latvians

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At the end of the ancient time the settlement area of the Estonians reached in places farther to the south, e.g. up to Lake Asti (Latvian Burtnieks) Latvia in Livonia (Latvian-like Vidzeme). This area was several times a scene of wars and became Latvian mostly by XVIII century. The Latvians have settled down in Estonia more after the Livonian and Nordic War, just as the Finnish settled here during the years.

The Estonians and Latvians were more clearly differentiated only with the independence of Estonia and Latvia and by marking down the state border which ended by the year 1923. Valga (Latvian Valka) has always been the most important city with the Estonian and Latvian mixed settlement, the belonging of which could not be disputed clear during the independence of the states and the city was halved into the Estonian and Latvian Valga.

 At the same time Heinaste (Latvian Ainaži) near the Gulf of Liivi with mainly Estonian citizens remained to the Latvian side. Estonia had never had numerous Latvian citizens and even now there are only slightly over two thousand people here.

On the photo: Valga town hall

Jüri Viikberg. Eesti rahvaste raamat. Eesti entsüklopeediakirjastus: Tallinn 1999


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