New Russians

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The Estonian Russians also suffered greatly in the WW II, many of whom died, lots were repressed and also escaped. For example, the current quite big Russian community of Narva was totally scattered and they were not allowed to return home after the city was destroyed.

The old believers also suffered, but their villages near Peipsi still preserved. Only twenty thousand native Russians remained in Estonia by the end of the war. Right after the war the major migration started from the Soviet Union to Estonia. Most of the ones arrived were Russians, but also the Byelorussians and Ukrainians among them who mostly were here russfied.

Approximately hundred thousand immigrants arrived to Estonia in each decade. The immigrants mostly started to work in the army, industry, mines, railway and ports. The dominant part of the population remained in the cities. Some new Russian speaking cities were established in Ida-Virumaa (Kohtla-Järve, Sillamäe).

By restoration of the Estonian independence the migration stopped and some of them returned also to their home country. The part of the Russian citizenship of the population has since quietly decreased. The Russians are currently the Estonian largest and most important national minority.

On the photo: Building of Sillamäe city government


Jüri Viikberg. Eesti rahvaste raamat. Eesti entsüklopeediakirjastus: Tallinn 1999

Pildiallikas: Vikipeedia

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