Nations living in Estonia

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Since the settlement of the Estonian area at the end of the last Ice Age about 10 000 years b.c. several nations of different ethnic, language and cultural background have been living here. The first people having settled down here in Estonia are of unknown origin.

During the ancient times both the Finnish Ugric as well as Indo European tribes settled down here. The Estonian main nationality - Estonians was created on the basis of the Finnish Ugric language and culture. Since XIII century the Germans, Swedish and Russians settled in Estonia who became the Estonian main minority nations for the next centuries.

Besides them, the Latvians, Finnish, Votians, Jews and Gypsies have been living in Estonia. All nations having lived together with the Estonians in Estonia, especially major minority nations have greatly influenced the Estonian society and culture during the years and thus received the firm place in the Estonian history.

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