Kihnu settlement in Mõisaküla


The major changes took place during the late Bronze Age (1000-500 b.c.) in the coastal regions of Northern and Western Estonia where the settlement had become so dense that the permanent fields were started to be cultivated.

One field unit was cultivated for a couple of years and then was left for twenty years as in fallow, i.e. was used as the pasture of animals. Low stone walls appeared from stone gathering around small fields which are even today visible for example on the alvar of Northern Estonia.

The fireplace from the late Bronze Age in Kihnu in the settlement of Mõisaküla. During this period cattle breeding was more important than before besides farming. People lived in single farmhouses. The farmers and their close people were buried in the sarcophagus barrows.