Event Stories

  • Administration: the story of the bishopric of Ösel-Wiek

    The bishopric was a state unit formed out of the islands and mainland of Western Estonia. It was created after Saaremaa Island (Ösel) had been conquered in either 1227 or 1228. During its existence, the bishopric saw numerous quarrels between the bishop and his vassals, but also among the two … Continue reading

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  • The Landeswehr War

    In the summer of 1919, Estonian army had to battle with German troops in Northern Latvia, among which was the Baltische Landeswehr, an army group mainly made up of Baltic Germans. The battles lasted for a month. Germans, who were more experienced and better equipped than the Bolsheviks put up … Continue reading

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  • The story of the Livonian Order

    The successor of the Brotherhood of the Sword, the Livonian Order, was the most powerful military organization in the Medieval Livonia for 300 years. Initially, it devoted to conquering Courland and Semgalia, but in the XIII century, a power struggle with the archbishop of Riga became the main … Continue reading

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  • The Republic of Estonia in 1918-1940: authoritarian coup in Estonia in 1934

    On March 12, 1934, the Head of State, Konstantin Pärts and general Johan Laidoner arranged a military coup in Estonia. State of emergency was instated and the Vaps Movement (Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence) was shut down. In the autumn of 1943, the so called "silent … Continue reading

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