The Truce of Jam Zapolski is signed

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15. January 1582

On January 15, 1582, a Jesuit by the name of Antonia Possevinol managed to mediate a truce between Russia and Rzeczpospolita, that at long last brought some peace to the southern parts of Livonia.

King Stefan Bathory was laying siege on the town of Pihkva, that the Russians were desperately defending. The truce stopped the siege and Poland-Lithuania received the southern part of Livonia. Initially it would be called Polish-Livonia, but later became the governorate of Livonia. It included Southern Estonia along with towns of Tartu, Pärnu, Viljandi and Valga.

Stefan Batory considered Livonia as spoils of war and therefore refused to recognize the privileges granted by Sigismund II Augustus. He attempted to recatholizise the land, founding the catholic bishopric of Võnnu and built several facilities for the Jesuits, who were the most active in the fight for Catholicism at the time.

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