Leave of the Baltic Germans

to map


call back of the Baltic Germans was directly related to the border interests of the Soviet Union and Germany in Eastern Europe specified in the confidential additional protocol of Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, according to which Estonia and Latvia remained in the Soviet region.
Although the Baltic Germans did not directly know the content of the additional protocol, they had justified fear before the Soviet power.

The Soviet warriors had already arrived to Estonia with the contract of the bases. Most of the Baltic Germans left their homeland reluctantly. The leave of the Baltic Germans has German-like called Umsiedlung (resettlement).
Most of the Baltic Germans left Estonia in October 1939.

They travelled by ships over the Baltic Sea to Stettini (Szczecin) or Danzig (Gdańsk) and thereafter to Posen (Poznan) and its surrounding, where they mostly were accommodated in the apartments of the Polish driven away from their homes. The Baltic Germans having remained to Estonia escaped in the couple of next years or became the victims of the Soviet repressions.

At the end of WW II the Baltic Germans had to escape from the Red Army also from Poland, many of them died. Most of the survivors remained to live on the areas of the later Western Germany. When the Baltic Germans left, Estonia lost one of the historically more important national minority.

On the photo: map with the plan of leave of the Baltic Germans from the year 1939.


Jüri Viikberg. Eesti rahvaste raamat. Eesti entsüklopeediakirjastus: Tallinn 1999;
Mati Laur, Ago Pajur, Tõnu Tannberg. Eesti ajalugu II. Avita: Tallinn 1995

Pildiallikas: Vikipeedia


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