Event Stories

  • Anton Thor Helle and the story of the Estonian Bible translation

    After decades of hard work, the first Bible in Estonian was published in 1739. This publication brought along a change in Estonian written language: North-Estonian became the widespread norm of the written language. Most prominent figure in the whole process was Anton Thor Helle, a pastor in … Continue reading

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  • The Republic of Estonia in 1918-1940: authoritarian coup in Estonia in 1934

    On March 12, 1934, the Head of State, Konstantin Pärts and general Johan Laidoner arranged a military coup in Estonia. State of emergency was instated and the Vaps Movement (Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence) was shut down. In the autumn of 1943, the so called "silent … Continue reading

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  • The story of the Livonian Order

    The successor of the Brotherhood of the Sword, the Livonian Order, was the most powerful military organization in the Medieval Livonia for 300 years. Initially, it devoted to conquering Courland and Semgalia, but in the XIII century, a power struggle with the archbishop of Riga became the main … Continue reading

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  • World War I and Estonia

    In 1914, war broke out between European powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary on the one side and Russia, France, and Great Britain on the other). Soon, this had escalated into a world war. In the beginning of 1917, a revolution broke out in Russia, country that was politically and economically fell … Continue reading

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