Event Stories

  • The rise and the fall the Brotherhood of the Sword

    The Brotherhood of the Sword, officially The Militia of Christ, was the strongest military power in the XIII century Livonia. The Order was able to guarantee the subordination of the local people: in 1206, the Livonians were defeated. In 1208, the Order allied themselves with the Latgalians, an … Continue reading

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  • Peasants of the Baltic Governorates are freed from serfdom

    The process of abolition of serfdom in the Governorates of Estonia, Livonia and Courland came about thanks to enlightenment-minded czar Alexander I, and due to economic problems the local landlords were facing. Serfdom was abolished in 1816-1819. It was a kind of experiment in the Russian Empire, … Continue reading

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  • The story of the Livonian Order

    The successor of the Brotherhood of the Sword, the Livonian Order, was the most powerful military organization in the Medieval Livonia for 300 years. Initially, it devoted to conquering Courland and Semgalia, but in the XIII century, a power struggle with the archbishop of Riga became the main … Continue reading

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  • Fortified churches in Estonia

    During the Middle Ages, several fortified churches were built Estonia. Several of the were in Saaremaa. These buildings had massive walls and embrasures, offering refuge for dozens of people during war. Their effectiveness, however, was rater limited when compared to the forts, and by the time the … Continue reading

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