Event Stories

  • The October Revolution of 1917 and Estonia

    By taking advantage of the political instability and ever diminishing popularity of the Provisional Government, the Workers and Soldiers Soviets, lead by the Bolsheviks, seized the power Petrograd in autumn 1917. The coup also affected Estonia, where the local Soviets came to power. Estonian … Continue reading

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  • The Republic of Estonia in 1918-1940: authoritarian coup in Estonia in 1934

    On March 12, 1934, the Head of State, Konstantin Pärts and general Johan Laidoner arranged a military coup in Estonia. State of emergency was instated and the Vaps Movement (Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence) was shut down. In the autumn of 1943, the so called "silent … Continue reading

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  • Warfare in Estonia in 1944

    In the beginning of 1944, the front came to Estonia, and fierce defence battles were fought. Initially, in the first half of 1944, German troops, together with the units of the Home Guard, managed to resist the attacks of the Reds, but in September, Hitler ordered the Army Group North to pull out … Continue reading

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  • Denmark's rule in Estonia

    Denmark never ruled all of Estonia, but during the XIII-XVII centuries, it had hold over areas in Northern and Western Estonia and also over the islands in Western Estonia. It can be said that there has been three Danish eras in Estonia, the first one lasting for a very short period of time: from … Continue reading

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