Event Stories

  • Administration: the story of the bishopric of Dorpat

    The bishopric of Dorpat was the only state unit in Livonia which was one whole dominion. It covered the former Ugaunia (Ugandi) county. The history of the sacral state unit, initially called the bishopric of Estonia then Lihula, is a long and complicated one. It center was moved to Tartu in 1224. … Continue reading

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  • Signing of the Peace Treaty of Tartu

    Estonia was the first democratic country to sign an official agreement with the Bolshevik regime. This was the Peace Treaty of Tartu, signed on February 2, 1920, which ended the War of Independence. With it, the Soviet Russia acknowledged the independence and sovereignty of Estonia. President … Continue reading

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  • The Republic of Estonia in 1918-1940: authoritarian coup in Estonia in 1934

    On March 12, 1934, the Head of State, Konstantin Pärts and general Johan Laidoner arranged a military coup in Estonia. State of emergency was instated and the Vaps Movement (Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence) was shut down. In the autumn of 1943, the so called "silent … Continue reading

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  • Warfare in Estonia in 1944

    In the beginning of 1944, the front came to Estonia, and fierce defence battles were fought. Initially, in the first half of 1944, German troops, together with the units of the Home Guard, managed to resist the attacks of the Reds, but in September, Hitler ordered the Army Group North to pull out … Continue reading

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