Event Stories

  • Warfare in Estonia in 1944

    In the beginning of 1944, the front came to Estonia, and fierce defence battles were fought. Initially, in the first half of 1944, German troops, together with the units of the Home Guard, managed to resist the attacks of the Reds, but in September, Hitler ordered the Army Group North to pull out … Continue reading

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  • The Republic of Estonia in 1918-1940: authoritarian coup in Estonia in 1934

    On March 12, 1934, the Head of State, Konstantin Pärts and general Johan Laidoner arranged a military coup in Estonia. State of emergency was instated and the Vaps Movement (Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence) was shut down. In the autumn of 1943, the so called "silent … Continue reading

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  • Soviet occupation in Estonia 1944-1991

    Uninterrupted Soviet occupation lasted in Estonia for 47 years. The country had been incorporated to the empire under the name of Estonian Soviet Social Republic. Majority of the population felt the impact of mass repressions, forced collectivization and -industrialization. Around the middle the … Continue reading

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  • Denmark's rule in Estonia

    Denmark never ruled all of Estonia, but during the XIII-XVII centuries, it had hold over areas in Northern and Western Estonia and also over the islands in Western Estonia. It can be said that there has been three Danish eras in Estonia, the first one lasting for a very short period of time: from … Continue reading

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